Strong legs and a strong core help you go the distance, but more importantly they help you to stay injury free and full of self-assurance. Here are some of my top tips for strength training that will help boost your legs, core, and overall ability.
An important nuance of fitness, called strength-endurance, is the ability to maintain strength without deterioration of energy over a period of time, as in the case of walking mile 5 as well as mile 1. Improve strength-endurance by climbing stairs and carrying heavy packs on hikes.
Muscular strength is different to strength-endurance and is defined simply by the ability to apply a force and overcome the resistance. The preferential method for developing muscular strength is performing weight bearing exercises with added resistance from free-weights, and sometimes adjustable cable machines.
An ideal exercise selection targets the muscles around the ankle, hip and knee joint and requires balance, which machines do not. Lunges for example, present the risk of tipping sideward and stumbling, which is evidence that they should be incorporated into a competent hiking and trekking program.
Here are some of my recommended strength-training exercises:
Alternating reverse lunges
Reverse Lunge - Elevated Foot (Calf Raise)
Core training is usually thought of as performing sit-ups and crunches to generate that awesome burn. This is no longer conventional wisdom in the professional training industry. This will not provide the proper core strengthening as it pertains to hiking and trekking. It is better stated in this way: Core strength, or rather ‘core stability,’ helps ensure that your torso—particularly your lumbar (lower) spine—is protected while walking on uneven terrain. That means that the muscles around the spine are able ‘resist’ harmful movements from stumbles and repetitive walking. Additionally the muscles in the core area are able to tolerate lifting and carrying loads like pack weight or lifting a heavy obstacle out of the way.
It should also be noted that there is lot of disagreement in the exercise science community as to what the ‘core’ is defined as. To many the core extends above the waist and down into the lower body.
Cardiovascular fitness is a specific component of training and should not be confused with endurance. Cardiovascular fitness is just one of the means by which you fuel your ability to get from point A to point B. Endurance is the ability to endure all activities in the itinerary, or to endure multiple repetitions of a task like thousands of steps along the trail.
Cardiovascular fitness can be improved by incorporating high intensity interval training (HIIT) into your weekly regimen. HIIT is more efficient than any other method because it requires less training time. In other words you can train at a moderate intensity for a long duration or a high intensity for a short duration to get the same results. There are many well researched protocols that are very effective. Published below is a modified version that will produce great results.
High Intensity Interval Training example:
Warm-up for 10 minutes. Make sure you gradually work your way up to a thorough sweat by minute 10; that’s a good indication you are ready for high intensity training.
Perform 10 intervals alternating between intense work and complete rest.
Work-Interval: Perform the work-interval at the highest intensity you can withstand. Discomfort in the muscles accompanied by high respirations are to be expected.
Rest-Interval: Perform the activity at the lowest intensity setting or get off the machine and walk around to allow for as much recovery as possible. Use the stopwatch function on your phone to track your rest interval. If you are on a machine, the console will display time.
Pick a weight-bearing activity like elliptical, stepper or running. If your knee and hip joints or feet need a break for recovery then perform the intervals on a bike.
Note: If your adventure requires many hours of multi-day hikes you still have to put in several miles hiking every weekend to condition your muscle, connective tissue, bones etc. to handle the rigor of long duration on the trails.
About Marcus Shapiro & Fit For Trips
Marcus Shapiro has been crafting adventure travel fitness programs since 2009. His #1 goal: ensure you arrive at your destination physically fit and mentally ready to enjoy every activity—both planned and unexpected—in your itinerary. With over 20 years in the fitness industry, Marcus combines a deep understanding of exercise science and real-world experience with a whole lot of empathy to ensure every traveler is successful and every adventure is awesome. Check out Fit for Trips online at fitfortrips.com!
Legal Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions made by Marcus Shapiro are his alone and are not made by Mountain Travel Sobek. Please consult with your physician before undertaking any new fitness regime.